Identifiable Intangible Assets and Subsequent Accounting for Goodwill

Say a soft drink company was sold for $120 million; it had assets worth $100 million and liabilities of $20 million. The sum of $40 million that was paid over and above $80 million (the value of the assets minus the liabilities) is the worth of goodwill and is recorded in the books as such. While goodwill officially has an indefinite life, impairment tests can be run to determine if its value has changed, due to an adverse financial event.

IAS 38 includes additional recognition criteria for internally generated intangible assets (see below). Share consideration
This is a tricky calculation but is common in the FR exam. It is likely that this amount will not yet have been recorded, testing Accounting for Goodwill and Other Intangible Assets the candidate’s knowledge of how the transaction is to be recorded. To do this, a candidate needs to work out how many shares the parent company has issued to the previous shareholders (owners) of the subsidiary as part of the acquisition.

Measurement subsequent to acquisition: intangible assets with indefinite useful lives

In Note 2, the company identifies the acquisition of a 60% interest in the Wodgina hard rock lithium mine project from Mineral Resources Limited, creating a joint venture, for 1.324 billion dollars. EXAMPLE 2
Fifer Co acquired 80% of the equity shares of Grampian Co on 1 January 20X4 for $5,000,000. The fair value of Grampian Co’s net assets at the date of acquisition was $4,000,000. There are two potential ways that the fair value method will arise in the FR exam. The fair value of the non-controlling interest at acquisition may be directly given to candidates, or they may have to calculate the fair value by reference to the subsidiary’s share price. To do this, the candidate will simply have to multiply the number of shares held by the non-controlling interest by the subsidiary’s share price at the date of acquisition.

Accounting for Goodwill and Other Intangible Assets

Further, property, plant, equipment and intangible assets in the asset group are no longer depreciated or amortized. The standard was developed in response to concerns that current accounting rules do not reflect the underlying economics of crypto assets which are volatile and can bounce up and down in value depending on market pressures. Tokens today must be accounted for as intangible assets and reported on the balance sheet at historical cost. Thus, when the price drastically drops and those assets are deemed impaired that loss cannot be recovered in financial reports when the price rebounds.

Business Transactions

One reason for this is that goodwill involves factoring in estimates of future cash flows and other considerations that are not known at the time of the acquisition. Under IFRS 5 certain disclosure (e.g. analysis of result and cash flow information) can be omitted when a newly acquired subsidiary is classified as held-for-sale (distribution) on acquisition. Under IFRS 5 the comparative balance sheet is not adjusted to reflect the presentation of assets held-for-sale (distribution) in the current period. Under both IFRS 5 and US GAAP certain assets in a held-for-sale (distribution) asset group are excluded from the held-for-sale measurement (i.e. lower of carrying amount and fair value less cost to sell). Instead, they remain measured under the guidance that normally applies to those assets. Once classified as held-for-sale (distribution), the asset group is subject to specific measurement, presentation, and disclosure requirements.

  • We develop outstanding leaders who team to deliver on our promises to all of our stakeholders.
  • Therefore, some companies have extremely valuable assets that may not even be recorded in their asset accounts.
  • The guidance will enable crypto assets like bitcoin to be accounted for at fair value, with any changes in fair value flowing through earnings.
  • The finite useful life for a copyright extends to the life of the creator plus 50 years.
  • The reason for this is that, at the point of insolvency, the goodwill the company previously enjoyed has no resale value.

Unlike IFRS 5, US GAAP focuses on whether a disposal represents a strategic shift that has (or will have) a major effect on a company’s operations and financial results. The requirement for there to be a strategic shift under US GAAP presents a high hurdle as post-separation results must be qualitatively and quantitatively measured to qualify for discontinued operations classification. Yet, US GAAP includes the disposal of a major line of business or major geographic area as an example of a discontinued operations.

Goodwill (Accounting): What It Is, How It Works, How To Calculate

This Statement carries forward without reconsideration the provisions of Opinion 17 related to the accounting for internally developed intangible assets. One of the concepts that can give non-accounting (and even some accounting) business folk a fit is a distinction between goodwill and other intangible assets in a company’s financial statements. Shown on the balance sheet, goodwill is an intangible asset that is created when one company acquires another company for a price greater than its net asset value. Unlike other assets that have a discernible useful life, goodwill is not amortized or depreciated but is instead periodically tested for goodwill impairment. If the goodwill is thought to be impaired, the value of goodwill must be written off, reducing the company’s earnings.

  • Goodwill arises when one entity (the parent company) gains control over another entity (the subsidiary company) and is recognised as an asset in the consolidated statement of financial position.
  • However, significant disposals may also trigger the preparation of pro forma financial statements under applicable laws and regulations.
  • Again, it is key to note that the initial calculation of goodwill is unaffected as this is calculated on the date control is gained.
  • Goodwill arising from the acquisition consists largely of anticipated synergies and economies of scale from the combined companies and overall strategic importance of the acquired businesses to Albemarle.
  • If the purchase consideration paid is greater than the fair value of net identifiable assets, the elimination of investment in subsidiaries in the consolidation process would involve recognition of the difference as goodwill.
  • A company cannot purchase goodwill by itself; it must buy an entire business or a part of a business to obtain the accompanying intangible asset, goodwill.

(w7) Property, plant and equipment 
The transfer of the plant creates an initial unrealised profit (URP) of $500,000 being the difference between the agreed FV ($2.5m) and the carrying amount ($2m). This should be eliminated from Plateau Co’s retained earnings and from the carrying amount of the plant to restate as if the transfer had not taken place. (iii) During the year ended 30 September 20X7, Savannah Co sold goods to Plateau Co for $2.7m. Plateau Co had a third of the goods still in its inventory at 30 September 20X7. (ii) On 1 October 20X6, Plateau Co sold an item of plant to Savannah Co at its agreed fair value of $2.5m.

When analyzing a company’s balance sheet, investors will therefore scrutinize what is behind its stated goodwill in order to determine whether that goodwill may need to be written off in the future. In some cases, the opposite can also occur, with investors believing that the true value of a company’s goodwill is greater than that stated on its balance sheet. The information contained herein is of a general nature and is not intended to address the circumstances of any particular individual or entity. Although we endeavor to provide accurate and timely information, there can be no guarantee that such information is accurate as of the date it is received or that it will continue to be accurate in the future.

Accounting for Goodwill and Other Intangible Assets






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